While the commonest cause of male infertility is a low sperm count ( the technical term for this is oligospermia), some men are infertile because of poor sperm motility. Normally, at least 50% of sperm should be motile; and this should be good quality progressive motility. This condition is called asthenospermia or asthenozoospermia (astheno = weak). While many men with a low sperm count will also have poor sperm motility ( the two often co-exist, and this is called oligoasthenospermia), some men will have a normal sperm count, but very poor sperm motility.

>Causes of Asthenospermia ( Low Sperm Motility )

1.Problems with sperm production – such problems can be genetic (for example Klinefelter’s syndrome) or based on a hormonal disorder

2. Testicular injury and disease – injuries that affect the testicles may affect sperm production and cause low sperm count

3. Malnutrition and nutrient deficiencies – lack of some nutrients (for example Zinc, Selenium, vitamin C, etc.) may also lead to low sperm count

4. Overheating – excessive heat from saunas, hot tubs, etc. may decrease sperm production and lower sperm count

5. Smoking – smoking cigarettes may impair male fertility since it is known to reduce sperm count and sperm lifespan

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